View of Cairo © Fabio Lotti/
View of Cairo © Fabio Lotti/

Cairo – The City of the Pyramids

Published: 15 December 2023, 13:00

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and definitely a city of superlatives. With more than 22 million inhabitants, it is the largest city in the Arab world and ranks seventh in the global city rankings. The North African megacity on the Nile is a feast for the senses: bustling markets like the Khan el-Khalili, loud muezzin calls from thousands of minarets like those at the Muhammad Ali Mosque, and culinary diversity make lasting impressions.

The Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square offers a deep insight into the history of the land of the pharaohs. Historic Cairo, also known as Islamic Cairo, forms the city centre and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The elevated Al-Azhar Park not only offers somewhere to relax, it also has an impressive panoramic view over the Old Town. An absolute must is a visit to the Sphinx and Pyramids of Giza, the oldest surviving Wonder of the World. 

Numbers, data, facts

  • Time difference: + 1 hour
  • Population: 22 million
  • Official language: Arabic
  • Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)

Discover Cairo – Egypt’s Magical Capital

Around Cairo: Egypt’s historical treasures

The world-famous pyramids south of Cairo in Giza are the oldest and only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World. All three pyramids and their elaborate tombs were built between around 2550 and 2490 BC. The Great Pyramid (Cheops Pyramid) is the largest in Giza and is around 147 metres tall. The ancient royal tombs guarded by the Sphinx are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Due to their great popularity, it is advisable to visit the pyramids early in the morning and avoid weekends.

Not far from the pyramid complex is the Grand Egyptian Museum, opening in December – home to the world’s largest archaeological collection. More ancient buildings, temples and pyramids can be visited in Memphis, Sakkara and Dashur. All three places are located south of Cairo and can easily be visited together on a day trip. Those interested in ancient Egyptian architecture and architectural wonders have come to the right place.

Discover Ancient Egypt and its Wonder of the World

Cairo from BER

Piktogramm Info-i

Kairo International Airport (CAI)

Sphinx International Airport (SPX)

Five travel tips for ...

1. Take a walk through Cairo’s Old Town

2. Haggle at the Khan el-Khalili bazaar

3. Enjoy the view from the Citadel of Saladin

4. Admire ancient treasures in the Egyptian Museum

5. Visit the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx 

1. Try the vegan national dish kushari

2. Snack on a falafel burger

3. Try fresh flatbread from a local bakery

4. Taste knafeh, the sweet dessert made from noodle-like threads of dough

5. Drink freshly squeezed fruit juices at the markets

1. Drift through the Khan el-Khalil bazaar district

2. Visit the oriental part of the Old Town

3. Stroll through the hall gallery at the Mosque of Ibn Tulun

4. See the Manial Palace and garden on Rhoda Island

5. Have a spa day in a traditional hammam 

Picture source title:
© Fabio Lotti/ 

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